Lincoln Memorial

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Text Box:  Lincoln Memorial View at Day light

    The Lincoln Memorial is a monument which was build to honor the Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the U.S. The monument became a tribute to Lincoln and the nation he protected during the civil war. The famous memorial is visited by millions of people each day the whole year and itís often use by people for public gatherings and to rally protests.  Before a commission created to build the monument completed their plans to build the memorial in a location named Potomac Flats, it had already considered many locations and memorial ideas for its construction. John Hay, which was known to be one of Lincolnís secretaries, had given the commission the idea to build the monument in the Potomac Location. Hay thought that the monument should rest apart from other structures, and that it should be distinguished and serene to the people who glared at it. As a president to the nation, Lincoln changed the Republican Party into a strong organization and joined most of the Northern Democrats to the Union cause. On January 1, 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that ended the slavery forever in the entire confederacy.

Text Box: Names of states carved in the Memorial

Text Box: Abraham Lincoln  Seated
    Two years had passed after Lincolnís assassination and congress had formed an association to build its monument. Their task was to build a memorial which would honor their lost President. In 1901 Congress had finally chosen the location for the monument. In 1910 two members of congress joined to create a memorial which would honor Lincoln. Shelby M. Cullom and Joseph G. Cannon had known Lincoln in Illinois and were the two who passed the bill. In February 11, 1911 the Bill had passed and had been signed by President Taft, who providing 2 million dollar funds for the construction of the monument. However, more than 3 million dollars were required. The construction started in 1914. The design was created by the New York architect Henry Bacon. He had based himself with a Greek temple with 36 Doric columns for the memorial. Each of these columns would represent one state in the time Lincoln was President. When the Memorial was completed in 1922, 12 new states had been added to the U.S. and their names were carved to the memorial. When Alaska and Hawaii joined in 1959, a plaque was added to the outside part of the memorial. The monument was a 99 feet tall marble temple that kept a large sculpture of Abraham Lincoln seated in a chair on the inside. This sculpture was designed by Daniel Chester French. The Piccirli Brothers of New York carved the statue and it was originally intended to be 3 meters tall. French found out that the statue would be to small in the huge building so its size would have to be doubled.  On Memorial Day May 30, 1922, 57 years after Lincolnís assassination, the memorial had finally been dedicated by President Warren Harding, former President Taft, and Dr. Robert Moton. The building measures 204 meters long and 134 wide. It was build with Colorado Marble for the exterior, Indiana Limestone for the interior walls, Pink Tennessee marble for the floor, Alabama marble for the ceiling and 28 blocks of Georgia marble for the statue. The first stone of the monument was placed in Lincolnís birthday, February 12, 1914. On the backside of the statue, on top of Lincolnís head Royal Cortissoz carved into the wall: ďIn this temple as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the union the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined foreverĒ. The wall at the Northern side has the inscription of Lincolnís Second Inaugural Speech while the Southern wall contains heís famous Gettysburg Address. Ernest Bairstow sculpted other features with the assistance of Evelyn Beatrice Longman.

    The Lincoln Memorial is one of more than 380 parks in the National Park System. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his most famous speech ďI have a DreamĒ to a crowd on the steps of the memorial on August 28, 1963. Presidentís Bush Inauguration celebration was also held at the Lincoln Memorial in 2001. The inauguration of the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama, also brought many famous celebrities to the steps of the memorial.

    The Lincoln Memorial calls my attention in a way in which I never thought it would be. In pictures and movies the memorial looks so much bigger, although it is big; it is smaller than what I had thought of. Before walking up to the stairs I didnít knew there was a chamber level beneath the memorial and that you could buy books inside. I felt that I was watching the man who had saved the Union in person. I also got to see the place were Martin Luther King Jr. gave his speech ďI have a DreamĒ to millions of people.

    I was surprised to see all the names of the different states on the outside part with Roman numerals, and how tall and think the pillars were. Before the trip I already knew that Lincoln was the 16th President of the U.S. and that he announced the Emancipation Proclamation to free all the slaves in his 13th amendment. I learned that he had struggles against the South and that those events were causing the Union to tare apart. On the top of the stairs thereís an excellent view of the Washington Memorial and the National Mall.   

Text Box: View of the Lincoln Memorial at Night
                                                    

 

 

 

 

                                                    

                                                     

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